As the formula above shows, Chaikin took a different approach by completely ignoring the change from one period to the next. Instead, the Accumulation Distribution Line focuses on the level of the close relative to the high-low range for a given period . The chart above shows Clorox with a big gap down and a close near the top of the day’s high-low range.

indicator is falling

If you try all the days of the month and see when you can sell the most… You should now be familiar with the Accumulation Distribution technical indicator, its calculation and how to use and read it. However, in order to fully appreciate how to use the A/D indicator in your trading, it is beneficial to understand how it is calculated. You can see that the red arrows point toward a rising ADL indicating buyer pressure.

Stop on the Trade

Bullish and bearish divergences are where it starts getting interesting. A bullish divergence forms when price moves to new lows, but the Accumulation Distribution Line does not confirm these lows and moves higher. A rising Accumulation Distribution Line shows, well, accumulation.

A/D can move in the same direction as price changes or in the opposite direction. The A/D indicator is cumulative, meaning one period’s value is added or subtracted from the last. The Accumulation Distribution Index is calculated as a cumulative total of each day’s reading.

Using them combined can help provide a better sense of overbought or oversold conditions. In the end, the AD line is an effective tool in any trader’s arsenal. Place a stop above/beyond a support/resistance level created prior to the signal.

The Accumulation/Distribution Indicator (A/D) vs. On-Balance Volume (OBV)

It provides a measure of the commitment of bulls and bears to the market and is used to detectdivergences between volume and price action – signs that a trend is weakening. Doesn’t consider trading gaps — This is mainly because the A/D indicator focuses on the closing prices. It doesn’t account for any potential gap between the closing price and the next day’s opening price. When these gaps occur, the indicator will likely not factor them into the final value of the A/D for that period. These blind spots might make you question its reliability in predicting potential trend reversals. As mentioned earlier, a rising A/D line indicates the market is in an accumulation phase.


In this case, the indicator is used to either reinforce the underlying trend or lay doubts on its sustainability. In both situations, the steepness of the A/D line gives insight into the trend. A strongly rising A/D line confirms a strongly rising price. Also, if the price is falling and the A/D is also falling, then there is still plenty of distribution and prices will probably continue to decrease. The ADL will begin to head in the opposite direction, away from the price, suggesting a reversal may happen. Fortunately, the trend is bearish and is confirmed with relatively high trading volumes.

Using Other Technical Indicators For Better A/D Indicator Trading

A https://forex-world.net/ A/D line votes for an uptrend where a falling A/D line votes for a downtrend. Stay in the trade as long as the two indicators are supporting your trading decision. The increase is rapid and is contained by only two candles.

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No indicator is correct all the time, and very few indicators are at their most effective when used on their own. In this context, ‘accumulation’ is referring to the act of buying, and ‘distribution’ to the act of selling. Mr. Pines has traded on the NYSE, CBOE and Pacific Stock Exchange. In 2011, Mr. Pines started his own consulting firm through which he advises law firms and investment professionals on issues related to trading, and derivatives. Lawrence has served as an expert witness in a number of high profile trials in US Federal and international courts. A step by step guide to help beginner and profitable traders have a full overview of all the important skills (and what to learn next 😉) to reach profitable trading ASAP.

A/D may move in the same or opposite direction as price fluctuations. Since prices move more frequently when there is greater activity, investors may also track a security’s tick volume or the number of price fluctuations in a contract. This public indicator helps you to find as many divergences with as many indicators you like, without the long hassle of knowing and coding the divergence yourself. Just replace the “Divergence Condition” with your formula and give it a title in the second step, everything simply illustrated to someone without any coding experience!

This way, you could be more confident in your next trading move. As mentioned earlier, the accumulation/distribution line gives us insight into the traded asset’s supply and demand. The aim is to read the line’s direction and determine the buying or selling pressure behind the underlying trend. A positive money flow multiplier means there is more substantial buying pressure . That pressure, in turn, should then correlate with a rising price. The A/D indicator provides us with a representation of an asset’s supply and demand.

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The accumulation distribution indicator below shows Freeport McMoran and the Accumulation Distribution Line advancing in February-March, declining from April to June and then advancing from July to January. The Accumulation Distribution Line confirmed each of these price trends. The multiplier adjusts the amount of volume that ends up in the Money Flow Volume.

a) Accumulation Distribution Trading System with the OBV

If the line is falling, it denotes a market in the distribution phase. In either case, be sure to confirm the trend direction with other technical indicators before taking up a position on the asset you’re considering. In this way, traders can predict the security’s future price trend as well as potential reversals. Making those predictions with reasonable accuracy allows traders to go long or short on a security at the appropriate time. If the price of an asset is falling, but the A/D indicator rises, a bullish divergence is taking place, indicating that the price may soon stop falling and start to rise.

Volume is in effect reduced unless the Money Flow Multiplier is at its extremes (+1 or -1). The multiplier is +1 when the close is on the high and -1 when the close is on the low. All volume is positive when +1 and all volume is negative when -1. At .50, only half of the volume translates into the period’s Money Flow Volume. The table below shows the Money Flow Multipliers, Money Flow Volume and Accumulation Distribution Line for Research-in-Motion .

period’s range

An example of bearish divergence set up is presented in the next graph. The bullish divergence is identified when the price exhibits a downward movement and the ADL indicator is rising. Therefore, the price will be at a lower low, while the accumulation distribution line will achieve a higher low.

The Money Flow Multiplier is determined by the relationship between a period’s closing price and the period’s high/low range. The Money Flow Multiplier is always within a range of 1 and -1. When a period closes in the upper half of the high/low range, the Money Flow Multiplier will rise closer to 1.

It first compares opening and closing prices to the trading range for the period, the result is then used to weight the volume traded. The accumulation distribution indicator is a momentum indicator that traders use to predict reversals in a trend by identifying tops and bottoms. Your trading platform should ideally offer a wide selection of technical indicators and other tools to support a robust yet tailored trading strategy. Examples of other technical indicators to help support the A/D indicator include Stochastic Oscillator, Williams %R, Moving Averages, and Bollinger Bands. The Accumulation/Distribution Indicator is a volume-measurement tool that assesses the cumulative inflow and outflow of money of a given security.

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